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Ethnic Groups in Europe

The ethnic group in Europe refers to the various ethnic groups that reside in the various nations in Europe. There are mainly eight major ethnic groups in Europe which more than 30 million members residing in Europe. They include the Russians, the Italians, the Germans, The Poles, the Spaniards, the British, the French and the Ukrainians. The eight major groups in Europe between themselves account for some 465 million or about 65% of European population. According to the latest study conducted and estimated 3% of the residents in Europe are non-Europe.

The three main groups

As of 2005, around 730 million of the total population of Europe falls within three large branches of Indo-European languages, Germanic, Latin and the Slavic. However one of the largest groups that do not fall within either of these is the Albanians and the Greeks. Apart from the Indo-European languages there are two other major language families on the European continent; there is the Turkic and the Uralic languages. The earliest accounts of European ethnography date to the classical Antiquity.
The national minority populations in Europe are estimated to be at around 14 percent which is 105 million people. The beginnings of ethnic geography as an academic sub discipline lie in the period following World War I, which was in the context of nationalism. However, most of the indigenous people or the ethnic groups in Europe are known to have the earliest connection to a particular region, have gone extinct or been absorbed by the dominant cultures. The ones that survive are largely confined to remote areas. Europe is also one of the major continents where a multiplicity of cultures, nationalities, and ethnic groups not indigenous to Europe reside. Most of them are immigrants in the 20th century.

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